Grade: Grado en Fundamentos de la Arquitectura / GFA + Grado en Arte / GFA + Grado en Diseño
Course: 1º year (3rd term) in GFA; 1º year (1st term ) in GFA HCAP; 3º year (3rd term) in GFA + GA, and GFA + GD
Teachers: uan Carlos García-Perrote Escartín (responsable)
Mateus Porto Schettino, Ana Luengo Añón, Lourdes Jiménez Garcinuño and Silvia Herrero Alonso
The Urban Basis of course is the first approach to the theoretical and analytical view of the city. It is the first meeting of the student with the materials of planning, so that learning is suggested as an approach to the basics of the discipline from the understanding of the city as a whole, the urban network and its integration in the territory, commitment to sustainability and consumption with zero balance.
The course will develop the basic tools and knowledge needed to enter, in later courses, in the discipline of Urban Planning and Urban Design.
-Acquisition of graphic and theoretical tools to deal with the process of diagnostic analysis in urban interventions.
-Approach to a theoretical and global vision of the city, the urban network and its integration in the territory.
-Comprehension of the basic concepts related with the territorial representation.
-Understanding the processes of urban formation and it’s further development.
-Comprehension of the basic concepts and schemes that will be developed in the rest of urban learning during the career.
-Understanding the ecological sense of the shape and location of settlements.
-Initiative to deepen in the search for references, databases and bibliographic sources related to knowledge of the environment and urban statistics.
-Capacity in planning dealing with work, both individually and in group.
BC 3: Ability to gather and interpret relevant data (usually within their field of study) to inform judgments that include reflection on relevant social, scientific or ethical matters
SC 1: Knowing the history and theories of architecture, as well as arts, sciences and technologies related to this
SC 3: Knowing the urbanism and skills involved in the planning process
SC 7: Understanding the relationships between people and buildings, and between people and their surrounding, as well as relating buildings and the spaces between according to needs and the human scale
CC 1: Responsability . CC 2: Self confidence
CC 4: Communication skills in native language (written and oral) and in English language
CC 5: Interpersonal understanding. CC 6: Flexibility.
CC 7: Teamwork: Ability to work in teams of architects, or in interdisciplinary teams. This capability includes interpersonal skills and team leadership ability.
CC 8: Initiative and entrepreneurship, both in the field of architecture and business
CC 9: Planning and time management: Ability to plan work based on the need to meet deadlines
CC 10: Innovation and creativity: Creativity, imagination and aesthetic sensibility towards design, while meeting the aesthetic and technical requirements. This includes critical thinking skills and historical culture
DSC 57: Acquisition of knowledge in sociology, theory, urban economics and history
STUDENT PERFORMANCE CRITERION/A ADDRESSED:
A 1-Communication skills (equates to CC 4)
A 2-Design thinking skills (equates to CC 10)
A 5-Investigative skills (equates to BC 3)
A 7-Use of Precedents (equates to DSC 57)
A 10-Cultural diversity (equates to DSC 57)
B 3-Sustainability (equates to SC 7)
B 4-Site design (equates to SC 3)
C 1-Collaboration (equates to CC 7)
C 2-Human behavior (equates to DSC 57)
C 3-Client role in Architecture (equates to SC 7)
C 6-Leadership (equates to CC 7 and CC 8)
C 9-Community and social responsibility (equates to DSC 57)
PART 1: FORMATION OF THE TRADITIONAL URBAN SYSTEM AND ANALYSIS OF THE TERRITORIAL REALITY :
LESSON 01: Ancient city: Background of the traditional city.
LESSON 02: The Traditional city: Formation and origins. The generator parameters. Diversity of traditional systems.
LESSON 03: European medieval city.
LESSON 04: Islamic medieval city.
LESSON 05: Spanish medieval city and Regular medieval city.
PRACTICAL SESSIONS: Analysis of natural, human and socioeconomic environments.
-Representation of territory.
-Representation of hidrology: water forms (natural/artificial).
-Land and soil data, the shape of land and its representation.
-Climate. The Bioclimatic chart. Microclimate control in the urban environment.
-Kinds of flora and fauna. Protected natural spaces.
-Territory and builded space. The urban network. The settlement network and its conexions. Urban towns.
-Infrastructures and urban services.
-Aesthetical and cultural resources.
-Economical activities. Demography.
PART 2: EVOLUTION OF THE TRADITIONAL URBAN SYSTEM, THE TISSUE AND THE SPACE IN THE CITY :
LESSON 06: Gunpowder fortifications and densification processes. Permanence and evolution of the urban system.
LESSON 07: Street openings and qualification of central spaces.
LESSON 08: European capital cities. The urban growth.
LESSON 09: The spanish city in America.
LESSON 10: European Royal Courts and gardens. Enlightenment urbanism: XVIII century urban operations.
PRACTICAL SESSIONS: The urban phenomenon and the perception of the space in the city.
-The urban tissue. The internal matrix, blocks, plots.
-The alignment as demarcation between public and private.
-The road/street network.
-Zoning and standards. Urban Density.
-Parameters. Urban planning techniques.
-Urban ordinances. Imposition of the collectivity.
-Elements that qualify and enrich urban space.
-The exterior space as the object of urban projects.
-Scale of an architectural project and an urban project.
-The perception, appreciation and creation of exterior spaces.
PART 3: THE MODERN CITY. MORPHOLOGY AND USES IN THE CONTEMPORARY CITY :
LESSON 11: The city of the industrial revolution. Social and hygienic consequences. The reformist option.
LESSON 12: Urban extensions of the XIX century and the American city.
LESSON 13: The origins of the Post-liberal city. Beginning of the Modern Movement up to IIWW.
LESSON 14: The modern city and the Chart of Athens. Critics and Contemporary city.
PRACTICAL SESSIONS: Urban analysis. Morfologhy, urban tissue and the builded space.
-City and urban planning. The urban discipline.
-Urban structure. Urban functions, its relations. Urban growing forms.
-Structural systems (Open spaces, road network, public amenities).
-Urban morphology. The urban network, origin and evolution.
-The urban tissue. The free and builded spaces.
-Urban functions: Residential, productive, tertiary and urban amenities. Mobility and transportation.
The course is divided en three formative parts. In each of them will be developed one or more exercises and a reading will be analyzed. Throughout the three parts, follow up individual activities will be done; and the end of the semester will concluded with a single global assessment test. Therefore will exist:
-Individual work activities:
Autonomous exercises. (Reading analysis and individual exercises)
Theoretical lessons individual study.
Global assessment test at the end of the semester.
-Cooperative work learning activities:
Participation in class
Theoretical content PART 1 0,8 ECTS
Theoretical content PART 2 0,8 ECTS
Theoretical content PART 3 0,7 ECTS
Practical exercise 1 0,8 ECTS
Practical exercises 2 1 ECTS
Practical exercise 3 1 ECTS
Reading 1 0,1 ECTS
Reading 2 0,1 ECTS
Reading 3 0,1 ECTS
Follow-up activities 0,6 ECTS
The assessment will be ongoing, evaluating the student's progress throughout the semester by tracking and guidance of his work, from its participation in class and the work presented in the group activities.
Within the European Higher Education Area (EHEA), both the physical classroom work and the autonomous will be assessed. Regarding the physical work and attendance, students active participation in class will be valued. Regarding the autonomous work, this will be valued according to the results expected by the course program.
The assessment concludes with an evaluation on the level of learning achieved by students and expressed in numerical scores, according as established in the current legislation.
The course assessment will take into account the following criteria, on a score of 105%
Practical exercises 50%
Follow-up activities 30%
Final global exam 15%
Reading analysis 5%
Students who need to submit to the second exam period of July, will review the full set of topics.
-To pass the course it will be essential for the student to attend at last 50% of classes, participate, accomplish and submit all the exercises proposed by the teachers.
-In order to recover, by justified cause, any deadline of the course, the student must notify his fault to the teacher and provide the appropriate supporting documents within one week.
- The student should be able to demonstrate the originality and authorship of his work, being strictly prohibited to use, reproduce or copy exercises, files, drawings (fully or partially), from other students of the same course or others.
- Is allowed to use electronic devices in the classroom time, as long as you use the applications essential for the development of the class work.
- Is forbidden to record audiovisual total or partially any of the sessions in the classroom.
The focus of the course is primarily analytical with an advance of propositions: is based on a graphic and theoretical analysis of the urban phenomenon in a comprehensive manner at different scales, from the territory to the city.
The subject is organized throughout a historical overview: start with the understanding of the formation and evolution of the traditional urban system – analysing the territorial reality, the formation parameters, the urban tissues and the space of the city-, to reach the comprehension of today’s cities form and the urban features of the contemporary city – analysing deeply the existing reality and the futures conditions (Consumption 0).