FACULTAD DE CIENCIAS DE LA ACTIVIDAD FÍSICA Y EL DEPORTE

Grado en Ciencias de la Actividad Física y del Deporte

 


  Syllabus 9995002303 - FISIOLOGÍA DEL EJERCICIO

CODE

COURSE

COURSE DESCRIPTION

COURSE TYPE

ECTS CREDITS

CONTEXT

STUDY MODE

COMPETENCES

TOPICS

ACTIVITIES

EVALUATION

SPECIFIC REGULATIONS

METHODOLOGY

LAST UPDATE

CODE

COURSE

COURSE DESCRIPTION

COURSE TYPE

ECTS CREDITS

CONTEXT

STUDY MODE

COMPETENCES

TOPICS

ACTIVITIES

EVALUATION

SPECIFIC REGULATIONS

METHODOLOGY

LAST UPDATE

CODE
9995002303

COURSE
EXERCISE PHYSIOLOGY

COURSE DESCRIPTION

Exercise Physiology aims to establish the physiological basis of performance, the responses and adaptations of each of the systems that make up the human body to the physical stress that implies physical activity. Knowledge and understanding of these basic concepts allows the scientific study of the physiological aspects of training and the different exercise programs.
The study of this discipline helps to understand the functioning of the body during exercise. In this sense, the insights provided by Exercise Physiology can be applied in three different areas:

• In the area of Sports, athletes and coaches need the knowledge from Exercise Physiology to try to improve performance.

• In the area of Physical Activity and Health, the primary goal of the general population when  doing regular exercise is not to improve physical performance, but to induce adaptations that improve the functionality of the various organs and systems and, in this way, to increase the functional capacity and to prevent health risks associated with sedentarism.

 • In the area of Clinical, exercise is used as a diagnostic tool and as a therapeutic modality, especially in the cardiology and pulmonary specialties. Other areas such as endocrinology, rheumatology, neurology etc also use exercise as therapeutic support.Accute physical stress provokes transient modifications of the functions of various body systems. In the same way,  repeated stress or exercise sessions, in a chronic fashion, induce long-lasting structural and functional modifications called  physiological adaptations.


COURSE TYPE
6

ECTS CREDITS

CONTEXT

Exercise Physiology is an important branch of Human Physiology studying responses and adaptations of the human body to physical activity. These responses and adaptations vary depending on various factors, such as intensity, duration or frequency of physical activity. Others factors, which include diet, environmental circumstances or individual genetic inheritance can also affect the type and magnitude of those adaptations. Knowledge of Exercise Physiology is crucial in order to scientifically design exercise programs that seek to improve performance, functional capacity or the overall health condition. Knowledge of Exercise Physiology is also necessary to plan adequate doses of physical activity in patients with chronic diseases and thus to achieve the desired benefits performing exercise safely. The understanding of the subjects "Sports Training" and “Physical Activity to Health” as a part of the 3rd year of the Physical Activity and Sports Sciences degree, depends crucially on the mastery of Exercise Physiology.  Exercise Physiology is closely related with the subject "Human Anatomy" of the first year, and especially with “Human Physiology " “Human Motricity” and “Biomechanics of Physical Activity and Sport ", which are included as part of the second year of the degree.


STUDY MODE

COMPETENCES

 


TOPICS

THEORETICAL CURRICULUM

ENERGY SOURCES FOR EXERCISE

Lesson 1. Energy systems and exercise

1.1. ntroduction to aerobic and anaerobic systems of energy production
Macronutrients and food sources of energy

1.2. Phosphagens metabolism:  ATP and phosohocreatine

1.3. Carbohydrates metabolism

1.4. Fat metabolism

1.5. Protein metabolism

1.6. Integration and determinants of energy substrate utilization during exercise

1.7. Update on relevant scientific advances in energy systems and their implications

Lesson 2. Hormonal regulation of energy metabolism

2.1. Glucose metabolism regulation

2.2. Glucose consumption by active muscles

Lesson 3. Metabolic adaptations to exercise

3.1. Muscle fiber types

3.2. Capillary density

3.3 Mitochondrial Function

3.4. Oxidative anzymes

NEURAL CONTROL OF MOVEMENT

Lesson 4. Ultrastructure of skeletal muscle. Motor units. Metabolic profiles of skeletal muscle fiber types

4.1. General Characteristics
4.2. Muscular plasticity. Effects of training on muscle fibers

Lesson 5. Delayed Onset of Muscle Pain “DOMS”

5.1. Concept
5.2. Etiology
5.3. Mechanisms involved
5.4. Prevention and treatment
Lesson 6. Neural control of movement
6.1. Motor functions of the spinal cord: spinal reflexes, muscle tone.
6.2. Motor functions of brain stem and basal ganglia
6.3. Motor functions of cerebellum and cortex
6.4. Autonomic nervous system and exercise

 

CARDIOVASCULAR RESPONSES ADAPTATIONS TO EXERCISE

 

Lesson 7. Cardiac response to exercise
7.1. Regulation of the response, heart rate, stroke volume and cardiac output.
Lesson 8. Cardiac adaptations to exercise
8.1. Heart size, heart rate, stroke volume and cardiac output.
Lesson 9. Peripheral circulation and blood pressure regulation during exercise

 

ACCOMMODATIONS AND RESPIRATORY RESPONSES TO EXERCISE

Lesson 10. Exercise ventilatory response
Lesson 11. Respiratory gases diffusion and transport during exercise
Lesson 12. Regulation of breathing during exercise
Lesson 13. Respiratory regulation of acid-base in the exercise

FUNCTIONAL AEROBIC CAPACITY

Lesson 13. General principles of ergometric evaluation
13.1 General criteria, ergometers and protocols.
13.2. Ergospirometry
13.3. Parameters evaluated.
Lesson 14. Oxygen Consumption
14.1.Concept and physiological bases
14.2. VO2max responses during exercise
14.3. Applications

Lesson 15. Anaerobic threshold
15.1 Concept and theoretical bases
15.2 Terminology
15.3 Methods of determining the aerobic-anaerobic transition
15.4 Applications

FUNCTIONAL CAPACITY ASSESSMENT

Lesson 16. Assessment of aerobic power and aerobic capacity. Case study analysis
Lesson 17. Assessment of anaerobic power and anaerobic capacity. Case study analysis

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND SPORTS PERFORMANCE

Lesson 18. Environmental influences on physical performance
18.1.Thermoregulation
18.2. Altitude
Lesson 19. Physiological aspects of training
19.1. Adaptation mechanisms
19.2. Fatigue and overtraining

PRACTICAL CURRICULUM


1. BASIC EQUIPMENT OF AN EXERCISE PHYSIOLOGY LABORATORY:
1.1. Lactate Analyzer: Use and interpretation of lactate curves
1.2. Gas analyzer and ergometers: handling and techniques involved
2. FUNCTIONAL CAPACITY ASSESSMENT
2.1. Functional capacity assessment: incremental protocols, constant protocols.
2.2. Interpretation of ergospirometry
2.3. Application to exercise performance and health
2.4 Case study analysis

 


ACTIVITIES

Lecture-based Class

Self-study

Communicative Tasks

 Directed Study

Labs

Case Analysis

Preliminary Reading

Classroom teaching sessions

Technical Vocabulary Workbook

Audiovisual Presentations

 


EVALUATION

continuous assessment and pass a theoretical and practical  final exam


SPECIFIC REGULATIONS

METHODOLOGY

J.L CHICHARRO, A.F. VAQUERO, Fisiología del Ejercicio, 3º ed., Madrid, Panamericana, 2006.  sig biblioteca UEM: QP301.L674

 

McArdle W.D., Katch F.L, Katch V.L. Fisiología del ejercicio: Energia, nutricion y rendimiento humano  2º ed. McGraw-Hill –Interamericana. Traducido al español 2004

 

McARDLE W.D., F.L. KATCH, V.L. KATCH, Exercise physiology: Energy, nutrition and Human performance 5º ed., USA, Lippincott Williams Wilkins, 2001.

 

J. H. WILMORE Y D. COSTILL, Physiology of Sports and exercise, Human Kinetics, 1999

Winter, Edward M., Jones, Andrew M., Davison, Richard C.,Bromley, Paul D.

Sport and exercise physiology testing guidelines v. 1 Sport testing. ROUTLEDGE LTD.

2006, 384 Págs., ISBN: 978-0-415-36141-5, Inglés, Rústica

 

Wilmore, Jack H. Fisiología del esfuerzo y del deporte. Peidotribo ediciones, ISBN: 978-84-8019-916-2. 6º edición, español cartoné, 2007

 

Campbell, B. NSCA's guide to sport and exercise nutrition 2011.  Human Kinetics.

 

Bouchard, Claude. Genetic and molecular aspects of sports performance 2011 Wiley-Blackwell

 

Zaidi, Mone. Molecular and integrative physiology of the musculoskeletal system  2010, New York Academy of Science

 

S. K. POWERS AND E. T. HOWLEY, Exercise Physiology: Theory and application to fitness and performance, 4º ed., Madrid, editorial McGraw Hill-Interamericana, 2001.

 

K.L.WASSERMAN ,Principales of exercise testing and interpretation, Lea & Febiger, 1994

W. E. GARRET, Exercise and Sports Science, Lippincott Williams Wilkins, 2000

EHRMAN J.K., GORDON P.M., VISICH P.S AND KETEYIAN S.J. Clinical Exercise Physiology. Human Kinetics, 2003.

Chicharro J.L., Aznar S., F.Vaquero A. L.Mojares L.M, Lucia A. Pérez M. Transición Aeróbica-Anaeróbica: Concepto, metodología de determinación y aplicaciones.  Editorial Master-Line. Capitulo 1-2 y 3 pg 11-155,  2004

METZL, J. Sports medicine in the pediatric office:case-based musculoskeletal teaching. Amedican academy of pediatrics ISABN: 978-1-58110-246-8, CARTONÉ, 2007

 

(Journal Science Citation Index (SCI) y MEDLINE). Dirección: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov./

 

 

 


LAST UPDATE
26 july 2013