FACULTAD DE CIENCIAS DE LA SALUD

Grado en Fisioterapia

 


  Syllabus 9996001105 - ANATOMÍA: APARATO LOCOMOTOR Y SISTEMA NERVIOSO

CODE
PR-9996001105

COURSE
ANATOMY OF LOCOMOTOR AND NERVOUS SYSTEM

COURSE DESCRIPTION

Locomotor system, Nervous System, Osteology, Syndesmology, Myology.


COURSE TYPE
University Core Requirement

ECTS CREDITS
6

CONTEXT

This course is taught in the second semester of the first year of the Bachelor of Physiotherapy. Human anatomy is the foundation on which the scientific knowledge of the physical therapist is based. The knowledge and skills developed in this course are required to know and understand other subjects taught in this Bachelor's Degree. Through the anatomy you learn to analyze organizational structures in detail, topography, nomenclature and function. Knowledge of anatomy is essential in general clinical practice, provides guidance for the clinician whenever examines and explores the human body, anatomical vocabulary also facilitates the communication among health professionals.


STUDY MODE

Campus based


COMPETENCES

GENERAL SKILLS

SPECIFIC SKILLS

- Know and use the International Nomenclature for anatomical naming the different anatomical structures.

- Be able to describe anatomical structures with appropriate language.

- Identify and understand the morphology of bone, joint, muscle, nerve and vascular components of the locomotive system.

- Be able to relate the shape of the elements of the locomotor system with their function.

- Understand and identify the components of the nervous system and its function.

- Know the relationships among the different anatomical structures.

- Recognize the anatomical structures with imaging techniques.

- Ability to understand and synthesize texts and simple anatomical articles.

- Respect the material used for practice.


TOPICS

I-. NERVOUS SYSTEM

 

1. Nervous system.

General considerations. Morphofunctional organization.

 

2 . Central nervous system.

Spinal cord . Brain . Covers of the brain and the spinal cord.

 

3 . Peripheral nervous system.

 Spinal nerves. Nerve plexus . Cranial nerves.

 

 

II - . TRUNK

 

4 . Vertebral column

General view.  Regional and specific characteristics of the vertebrae. Joints of the vertebral column.

 

5 . Skeleton of the thorax .

General. Ribs. Sternum. Joints of the thorax.

 

6 . Shoulder girdle.

Clavicle. Scapula. Sternocostoclavicular joint . Acromioclavicular joint.

 

7 . Dorsal muscles

Deeper plane: Muscles of the vertebral canals. Intermediate plane: serratus posterior muscle, rhomboid maior and minor muscles,  levator scapulae muscle . Superficial plane: Trapezius muscle, Latissimus dorsi muscle.

 

8 . Muscles of the thorax

Intercostal muscles. Triangular muscle of the sternum. Diaphragm Muscle.

 

9. Muscles of
the Abdomen

Anterior group. Lateral group. Posterior group.

 

III . LOWER LIMB

 

10 . Osteology of the lower limb .

Coxal . Femur . Patella. Tibia. Fibula. Foot bones.

 

11 . Pelvic girdle .

Sacroiliac joint. Symphysis pubis. Study of the pelvis and its ligaments.

 

12. Hip joint.

Overview. Articular surfaces. Capsule and ligaments. Functional Anatomy.

 

13 . Knee joint .

Overview. Articular surfaces. Capsule and ligaments. Functional Anatomy.

 

14 . Ankle joint.

Overview. Articular surfaces. Capsule and ligaments. Functional Anatomy .

15. Joints of the foot :

Subtalar joint . Transverse tarsal joint or midtarsal ( Chopart ) . Intertarsal joints of the second row of the tarsus . Tarsometatarsal joints ( Lisfranc ) intermetatarsal joints . Metatarsophalangeal joints . Interphalangeal joints , General. Articular surfaces. Capsule and ligaments. Functional Anatomy.

 

16 . Hip muscles.

General view and classification. Anterior group: Iliopsoas muscle. Gluteal region.

 

17 . Thigh muscles.

General view and classification. Anterior, medial and posterior group.

 

18 . Leg muscles .

Overview and classification. Anterior, lateral and posterior group.

 

19. Muscles of the foot.

Overview and classification. Dorsal muscles . Plantar muscles.

 

20. Functional anatomy of the foot.

Plantar arch. Joints and ligaments of the foot. Functional anatomy.

 

21. Vascularization of the lower limb.

Femoral and popliteal arteries. Leg arteries. Arteries of the foot and toes. Veins and lymphatics of the lower limb.

 

22. Innervation of the lower limb

 

IV UPPER LIMB  

 

23. Osteology of the upper limb.

Humerus, radius and ulna . Bones of the hand.

 

24. Joints of the shoulder.

General view. Articular surfaces. Capsule and ligaments. Functional Anatomy .

 

25. Elbow joint.

Humeroulnar joint. Humeroradial joint. Proximal radioulnar joint

 

26. Wrist and hand

Wrist joint. Carpo- metacarpal joint . Metacarpophalangeal joints. Interphalangeal joints.

 

27. Shoulder muscles.

General view and classification. Anterior, lateral, medial and posterior group

 

28. Muscles of the arm.

General view and classification.. Ventral muscles : M. brachial and M. biceps. Dorsal muscles : M. triceps and M. anconeus .

 

29. Forearm muscles.

General view and classification. Ventral, lateral and posterior group. Fibrous and synovial sheaths.

.

 

 

30. Muscles of the hand and fingers .

Overview and classification. Medium, thenar and hypothenar group. Fascias of the hand..

 

31. Vascularization of the upper limb.

Axillary, brachial, ulnar and radial arteries. Veins and lymphatics.

 

32 . Innervation of the upper extremity.

 

V. - HEAD AND NECK

 

33. General view of the skull anatomy

Bones of neurocranium. Facial bones. Cranial normas. Temporomandibular joint.

 

34. Muscles of the head.

Overview and classification. Masticatory muscles . Muscles of facial expression.

 

35. Trigeminal and facial nerves.

 Description and branches.

 

36. Muscles of the neck

Anterior muscles of the neck. Posterior muscles of the neck .

 

37 . Cervical plexus.

General view. Collateral and terminal branches .

 

 

PRACTICAL PROGRAM

1: Vertebral column

2: Ribs, sternum. Clavicle and scapula

3: Coxal. Pelvic girdle. Femur and patella

4: Tibia and fibula. Bones of the foot

5: Arthrology lower limb

6: Myology of the lower limb

7: Radio humerus , ulna and hand

8: Arthrology of the upper limb

9: Myology of the upper limb

10: Skull .

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


ACTIVITIES

 Student participation in lectures.

Participation in working seminars where students analyze and synthesize relevant information from the course and subsequent exposure.

Conducting practical classes in identification of anatomical elements and virtual dissection

 

 

 


EVALUATION

Skills, active laboratory methodologies and practices will be evaluated.


SPECIFIC REGULATIONS

Continuous assessment: Objetive test. Contributions and participation by the student.

 


METHODOLOGY

Activities to be performed that contribute to competence development are: Student participation in lectures. Participation in working seminars where students analyze and synthesize relevant information from the course and subsequent exposure. Conducting practical classes in identification of anatomical elements and virtual dissection.


LAST UPDATE
31/07/2014