The objective is to make the student understand the main diseases, their clinical manifestations, diagnostic methods and the principles of pharmacological treatment.
Campus Based Blended Learning
PART I. CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES II
Unit 1.Treatment of cardiac pathology 1: digoxin, diuretics and vasodilators . Unit 2. Atherosclerosis .
Unit 3. Ischemic Heart Disease: Clinical forms, angina pectoris, acute myocardial infarction .
Unit 4.Treatment of cardiac pathology 2: Pharmacological treatment of ischemic heart disease.
Unit 5. Hypertension.
Unit 6. Syncope.
Unit 7. Shock: Pathophysiology Types. Unit 8. Rheumatic Fever.
Unit 9. Valvular mitral stenosis.
Unit 10. Treatment of heart disease 3: Anticoagulation, heparin, coumarin derivatives . Unit 11. Heart rhythm disturbances. Bradycardia and tachycardia. Pacemakers .
Unit 12. Peripheral arterial disease: acute and chronic. Amputations .
Unit 13 . Venous pathology: deep vein thrombosis. Postphlebitic syndrome . Unit 14 . Pulmonary embolism.
PART II. RHEUMATOLOGY
Unit 15. Clinical history and signs in rheumatic disease.
Unit 16. Pathophysiology of joint diseases.
Unit 17. Methods of diagnosis of rheumatic diseases: Imaging tests. Arthroscopy. Blood tests. Synovial fluid.
Unit 18. Rheumatoid arthritis. Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis.
Unit 19. Treatment of rheumatic diseases 1: Analgesics. NSAIDs. Mechanism of action. Adverse reactions.
Unit 20. Treatment of rheumatic diseases 2: Drugs inducing remission. Corticosteroids : Mechanism of action . Precautions in use.
Unit 21. Arthritis crystals : Drop . Unit 22. Psoriatic arthritis.
Unit 23. Infectious arthritis . Unit 24. Ankylosing spondylitis .
Unit 25. Herniation of spinal discs. Cervical and lumbar disc herniation: clinical manifestations, differential diagnosis. Treatment of radiculopathy.
Unit 26. Pathophysiology of muscle diseases.
Unit 27. Osteoporosis and osteomalacia. Immobilization.
PART III. NEUROLOGY
Unit 28. The clinical history in neurology. Unit 29. Neurological examination.
Unit 30. Diagnosis methods of the central nervous system diseases: CT, MRI, vascular studies ( Doppler and arteriography). Study of cerebrospinal fluid.
Unit 31. Methods of diagnosis of diseases of the peripheral nervous system : electromyogram and nerve conduction study .
Unit 32. Pathophysiology of the motor system. Injury of the first and second motor neuron. Types of paralysis according to location.
Unit 33. Pathophysiology of consciousness: Degree of involvement of consciousness. Production mechanisms of coma. Causes of coma.
Unit 34. Pathophysiology of language. Types of aphasia.
Unit 35. Headaches: migraine, tension headache, trigeminal neuralgia, symptomatic headache.
Unit 36. Cerebrovascular Diseases 1: Cerebral ischemia. Pathogenesis, clinical manifestations (carotid and vertebrobasilar involvement), additional tests .
Unit 37. Cerebrovascular Diseases 2: hypertensive cerebral hemorrhage. Subarachnoid hemorrhage .
Unit 38. Treatment of cerebrovascular diseases.
Unit 39. Treatment of the consequences of brain damage (cerebral edema , seizures , spasticity).
Unit 40. Epilepsy.
Unit 41. Demyelinating diseases: multiple sclerosis .
Unit 42. Cognitive impairment. Acute confusional state. Dementias. Depressive pseudodementia. Depression in the elderly.
Unit 43. Diseases of the spinal cord: Clinical Manifestations. Main diseases of the spinal cord: tumors , syringomyelia , transverse myelitis and spinal cord infarction . Diagnosis and treatment of spinal diseases.
Unit 44. Diseases of the peripheral nervous system. Polirradiculopathy ( Guillain -Barre). Polyneuropathy.
Development of training through active participation of the student on practical activities. These activities will be made by resolution of clinical cases concerning the studied units.
The assessment of Knowledge and competences will be continuous and formative. The evaluation system will have the following forms:
Together with the theoretical development of contents by teachers, the faculty supports the implementation of active methodologies in the classroom, promoting the students participation as well as their involvement in the acquisition of knowledge and competences. The methodologies used:
Also, the use of Information and Communication Technologies, by teachers and students, is considered nowadays as an essential tool in the suggested learning process.
Clinical Pathology and Pharmacology II is a compulsory 6 ECTS subject that is taught during a quarter in the second year of the Degree of Physiotherapy. This subject falls within the module "Clinical Pathology and Pharmacology " which has a total of 12 ECTS.
The main goal of the subject is that students acquire knowledge on most common diseases and pathological processes (in the fields of cardiology, rheumatology and neurology). Students also learn about the clinical manifestations, laboratory tests, and develop critical thinking for clinical decision making. In addition, students should learn about general principles of pharmacology for those specific pathologies. This knowledge, along with other contents of the degree, will allow the student to get a good overview of the general pathology, medical pharmacology, and its clinical application.
The basic competences of the subject are:
• CB1: Students must have demonstrated knowledge and understanding in a field of study that starts from the basis learned in general secondary education, and is typically at a level which, although it is supported by advanced textbooks, includes also some aspects that imply knowledge of the forefront of their field of study.
• CB2: Students must be able to apply their knowledge to their work or vocation in a professional manner and have competences that cab be demonstrated through devising and sustaining arguments and solving problems within their field of study.
• CB3: Students must have the ability to gather and interpret relevant data (usually within their field of study) to make judgments that include an analysis of relevant social, scientific or ethical topics.
• CB4: Students must be able to communicate information, ideas, problems and solutions to both specialist and non-specialist audiences.
• CB5: Students must have developed those skills needed to undertake further studies with a high degree of autonomy.
On completing this subject, the student will be able to:
CE 120: Know and understand the pathophysiology of different diseases, developing the ability to relate the different studied processes to each other.
CE 121: Recognize diseases of different organs and systems, with special emphasis on those most related to the practice of physiotherapy.
CE 122: At the end of the study module, the student should know the terminology that will enable him to communicate with the rest of the medical staff, as well as be able to understand the various documents that constitute a medical record.
CE 123: Learn to consider the patient as a whole, know how to detect the warning signs that suggest that a consultation to other health professionals may be needed.
CE 124: Learn the specific characteristics of disease in the elderly.
CE 125: Know the general pharmacological bases.
CE 126: Identify the drug treatment group of the most frequently employed drugs in physiotherapy.
General Competences(UEM cross-disciplinary competences):
The following competences will be developed and assessed in this subject:
• CT 1:Decision making.
• CT 3:Organization and planning ability.
• CT 9:Ethical commitment
• CT 18Creativity.
-General Pathophysiology and Clinical Semiology.
-Clinical manifestations, diagnosis and treatment of diseases of different organ systems. Important geriatric syndromes.
-Anti-inflammatory drugs and rheumatic disease modulators.
-Pharmacology of other organ systems.
• MASTER CLASSES
• CASE STUDY AND DISCUSSION
• PRACTICAL EXERCISES
1. Objective tests 50-70%
2. Portfolio Learning 30-50%