The objective is to make the student understand the main diseases, their clinical manifestations, diagnostic methods and the principles of medical and surgycal events and situa.tions
CAMPUS BASED BLENDED LEARNING
- Getting involved and engaged in the development of their tasks.
- Always consider the advantages and disadvantages of each action and the risk they involve.
- To adapt and work effectively at different levels of intervention.
- To apply flexibly rules or procedures depending on the individual situation to meet the objectives of the organization.
1 - Learn the terminology that will allow the student to develop in the workplace. 2 - Knowledge of different pathologies, diagnostic methods and their treatment.
3 - Location of the different pathologies within musculoskeletal system, and the most common production mechanisms.
PART I. GENERAL SURGICAL PATHOLOGY
History of Surgery. Concept of Surgical and Clinical Pathology. General surgical concepts. Surgical Semiology .
Anesthesia. Anesthetic techniques. Pain in Surgery. Prophylaxis and treatment of postoperative pain.
Organ and tissue transplants. General Reject mechanism .
Local and general biological response to surgical aggression . Inflammation.
Bruises and wounds. Healing. Pathology of the scar.
Assistance to the trauma patient .
Infection in Surgery. Prevention and treatment of surgical infections. Local infection: phlegmons and abscesses. Generalized infection: sepsis. Necrotizing infections .
Burns: thermal, electrical and chemical . Cold injury . Frostbite.
Osteoarticular infections .
PART II. GENERAL LOCOMOTOR
Bone and articular pathophysiology.
Joint injuries. Acute arthritis. Other arthropathies .
Stiffness and joint ankylosis. Sprains and dislocations .
Injuries muscle. Ruptures, bruises and muscle herniation. Traumatic ossifications .
Pathology of the tendons and tendon sheaths .
Reflex sympathetic dystrophy of the members. Compartment syndromes . Volkmann syndrome .
General Etiology and mechanism of fractures . Clinic. Classification.
Process of fracture healing . General treatment of fractures . General complications .
Pathology of the fracture callus . Malunion . Delayed union and nonunion.
Pathophysiology of the growth plate. SCFE .
Bone tumors. Classification. Diagnosis and treatment.
Amputations . General aspects. Levels of amputation. Reimplantation .
PART III. SPINAL PATHOLOGY
Spinal deformities: kyphosis and lordosis. Scoliosis. Spondylolysis. Spondylolisthesis.
Cervical spinal injuries and back injury .
Pathology of the intervertebral disc. Radiculopathy. Adult painful back. Degenerative back. Vertebral spondylosis. Myelopathy. Vertebro - basilar insufficiency.
Abnormalities of transition. Canal stenosis .
Introduction to Radiology. Physical bases.
2.a. adiographic projections .
2.b. Radiographic densities. Grayscale.
2.c. ading a chest radiograph.
2.d. Lung and heart diseases.
Radiology of the Spine
3.1. Radiology of the cervical, thoracic and lumbar spine. Projections. Simple scan, CT and MRI. Various pathologies.
3.2 . Alterations of the column position.
Study of the neurological patient image
4.1 . Cranial CT and MRI
4.2 . Various pathologies.
Teachers will apply several active and collaborative methodologies, aimed at guiding the student in his process of knowledge and competence acquisition through different formative activities.
These activities will vary and be adapted to the issues dealt with in the units. The training activities will be:
The assessment of Knowledge and competences will be continuous and formative. The evaluation system will have the following forms:
Observation of performance
Together with the theoretical development of contents by teachers, the faculty supports the implementation of active methodologies in the classroom, promoting the students participation as well as their involvement in the acquisition of knowledge and competences. The methodologies used:
Also, the use of Information and Communication Technologies, by teachers and students, is considered nowadays as an essential tool in the suggested learning process.
Surgical Pathology and Radiology I is a compulsory 6 ECTS subject that is taught during a quarter in the second year of the Degree of Physiotherapy. This subject falls within the module "Surgical Pathology and Radiology" which has a total of 12 ECTS.
• CB1: Students must have demonstrated knowledge and understanding in a field of study that starts from the basis learned in general secondary education, and is typically at a level which, although it is supported by advanced textbooks, includes also some aspects that imply knowledge of the forefront of their field of study.• CB2: Students must be able to apply their knowledge to their work or vocation in a professional manner and have competences that cab be demonstrated through devising and sustaining arguments and solving problems within their field of study.
• CB3: Students must have the ability to gather and interpret relevant data (usually within their field of study) to make judgments that include an analysis of relevant social, scientific or ethical topics.
• CB4: Students must be able to communicate information, ideas, problems and solutions to both specialist and non-specialist audiences.
• CB5: Students must have developed those skills needed to undertake further studies with a high degree of autonomy.
On completing this subject, the student will be able to:
• CE 122: At the end of the study module, the student should know the terminology that will enable him to communicate with the rest of the medical staff, as well as be able to understand the various documents that constitute a clinical history.
• CE 130: Recognize and identify major traumatic and non-traumatic injuries and know how to locate them in the context of the musculoskeletal system.
• CE 131: Know the different mechanisms of production of the most important lesions of the musculoskeletal pathology.
• CE 132: Recognize and identify the main clinical manifestations of major diseases affecting the musculoskeletal system and know the different existing complementary tests in this field to achieve a proper diagnosis.
• CE 134: Know the different treatment options used in major diseases affecting the musculoskeletal system.
• CE 135: Be able to consider the patient with his/her complementary diagnostic tests as a whole and not independently.• CE 136: Acquire the ability to examine and assess the patient's functional status.
General Competences(UEM cross-disciplinary competences):
The following competences will be developed and assessed in this subject:
Part II: Physiopathology of problems of the locomotor system
Part III: Introduction to Radiology
• MASTER CLASSES: Lectures in the classroom to encourage debate and
student participation; bibliographic guidance
• SELF-LEARNING: Independent Learning. Based on the student’s independent study through readings and directed individual work
• SEMINARS: Bibliographic research and monographic scientific information discussion in small groups
• CASE STUDY AND DISCUSSION: Application of theoretical knowledge to practical cases.
• PRACTICAL EXERCISES: practical workshops.